The Governments of the United States of America, the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, hereinafter referred to as the "Original Parties",

Proclaiming as their principal aim the speediest possible achievement of
an agreement on general and complete disarmament under strict
international control in accordance with the objectives of the United
Nations which would put an end to the armaments race and eliminate the
incentive to the production and testing of all kinds of weapons,
including nuclear weapons,

Seeking to achieve the discontinuance of all test explosions of nuclear
weapons for all time, determined to continue negotiations to this end,
and desiring to put an end to the contamination of man's environment by
radioactive substances,

Have agreed as follows:

                               Article I

1. Each of the Parties to this Treaty undertakes to prohibit, to prevent,
and not to carry out any nuclear weapon test explosion, or any other
nuclear explosion, at any place under its jurisdiction or control:

    (a) in the atmosphere; beyond its limits, including outer space; or
under water, including territorial waters or high seas; or

    (b) in any other environment if such explosion causes radioactive
debris to be present outside the territorial limits of the State under
whose jurisdiction or control such explosion is conducted. It is
understood in this connection that the provisions of this subparagraph
are without prejudice to the conclusion of a treaty resulting in the
permanent banning of all nuclear test explosions, including all such
explosions underground, the conclusion of which, as the Parties have
stated in the Preamble to this Treaty, they seek to achieve.

2. Each of the Parties to this Treaty undertakes furthermore to refrain
from causing, encouraging, or in any way participating in, the carrying
out of any nuclear weapon test explosion, or any other nuclear explosion,
anywhere which would take place in any of the environments described, or
have the effect referred to, in paragraph 1 of this Article.

                              Article II

1. Any Party may propose amendments to this Treaty. The text of any
proposed amendment shall be submitted to the Depositary Governments which
shall circulate it to all Parties to this Treaty. Thereafter, if
requested to do so by one-third or more of the Parties, the Depositary
Governments shall convene a conference, to which they shall invite all
the Parties, to consider such amendment.

2. Any amendment to this Treaty must be approved by a majority of the
votes of all the Parties to this Treaty, including the votes of all of
the Original Parties. The amendment shall enter into force for all
Parties upon the deposit of instruments of ratification by a majority of
all the Parties, including the instruments of ratification of all of the
Original Parties.

                              Article III

1. This Treaty shall be open to all States for signature. Any State which
does not sign this Treaty before its entry into force in accordance with
paragraph 3 of this Article may accede to it at any time.

2. This Treaty shall be subject to ratification by signatory States.
Instruments of ratification and instruments of accession shall be
deposited with the Governments of the Original Parties--the United States
of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and
the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics--which are hereby designated the
Depositary Governments.

3. This Treaty shall enter into force after its ratification by all the
Original Parties and the deposit of their instruments of ratification.

4. For States whose instruments of ratification or accession are
deposited subsequent to the entry into force of this Treaty, it shall
enter into force on the date of the deposit of their instruments of
ratification or accession.

5. The Depositary Governments shall promptly inform all signatory and
acceding States of the date of each signature, the date of deposit of
each instrument of ratification of and accession to this Treaty, the date
of its entry into force, and the date of receipt of any requests for
conferences or other notices.

6. This Treaty shall be registered by the Depositary Governments pursuant
to Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.

                              Article IV

This Treaty shall be of unlimited duration.

Each Party shall in exercising its national sovereignty have the right to
withdraw from the Treaty if it decides that extraordinary events, related
to the subject matter of this Treaty, have jeopardized the supreme
interests of its country. It shall give notice of such withdrawal to all
other Parties to the Treaty three months in advance.

                              Article V

This Treaty, of which the English and Russian texts are equally
authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of the Depositary
Governments. Duly certified copies of this Treaty shall be transmitted by
the Depositary Governments to the Governments of the signatory and
acceding States.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, duly authorized, have signed this

DONE in triplicate at the city of Moscow the fifth day of August, one
thousand nine hundred and sixty-three.